(born 428/427 BCE, Athens, Greece — died 348/347, Athens)
Ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 BCE), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 BCE), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence.
Plato’s dialogues have been used to teach a range of subjects, including philosophy, logic, ethics, rhetoric, religion and mathematics. His theory of Forms began a unique perspective on abstract objects, and led to a school of thought called Platonism.
Plato’s writings have been published in several fashions; this has led to several conventions regarding the naming and referencing of Plato’s texts. (Wikipedia)
Left: 1637. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, USA.
Right: 1637. Musée de Picardie, Amiens, France.